This page contains usage information for psalm in man-page style. Enjoy.

NAME

psalm - pretty subdivision algorithms on meshes

SYNOPSIS

psalm [arguments] [file]

DESCRIPTION

psalm is a mesh compiler, using meshes in several data formats (OBJ, OFF, OBJ) as its input, and generating subdivided meshes in turn. Currently, Catmull-Clark, Doo-Sabin, and Loop subdivision schemes have been implemented.

The user may change several parameters of the subdivision algorithm, such as the weights that are used for extraordinary vertices of the mesh. Furthermore, rudimentary pruning capabilitites have been implemented.

psalm can work without any parameters. It will expect input from STDIN and write its data to STDOUT. For displaying the status (subdivision might take long), STDERR is used. The user may specify STDOUT and STDIN by using a single dash, -, as the argument for output and input operations.

If an input file has been specified, but not output file, the suffix .subdivided will be added to the input file. For example, subdividing a file example.ply without specifying an output file results in example.subdivided.ply.

OPTIONS

There are three categories of parameters: General, tuning, and pruning. The general parameters are used for psalm's basic operations. Tuning parameters affect the internal workings of the algorithms. Pruning parameters enable simple removal operations for meshes.

General

  • -a, --algorithm <algorithm>

    Selects the subdivision algorithm to use on the input mesh. Valid values for algorithm are:

    • catmull-clark, catmull, clark, cc [default]
    • doo-sabin, doo, sabin, ds
    • loop, l
  • -o, --output <file>

    Sets output file. If not present, STDOUT will be used. A single dash will be interpreted as STDOUT.

  • -t, --type <type>

    Sets type of input data. If not present, the type of input and output data is guessed from the file extension. Valid values for <type> are:

    • obj (Wavefront OBJ files)
    • off (Geomview object files)
    • ply (Stanford PLY files)
  • -n, --steps <n>

    Sets number of subdivision steps to perform on the input mesh. This parameter is 0 by default.

  • -s, --statistics

    Prints statistics and progress bars to STDERR.

  • -h, --help

    Shows a help screen.

Tuning

  • -b, --b-spline-weights

    Instructs algorithms to use the normal B-spline weights for the regular subdivision case even if the current weight scheme would apply different weights. This parameter affects the shape of the resulting surfaces.

  • -c, --handle-creases

    Algorithms try to subdivide crease and boundary edges whenever this is possible.

  • -p, --parametric

    Forces algorithms to calculate new points using parametrical methods instead of geometrical methods. May affect the running time of the algorithm.

  • -w, --weights <weights>

    Selects type of weights that are used for the subdivision algorithm. Algorithms may choose to ignore this parameter. Valid values for <weights> are:

    • catmull-clark, catmull, clark, cc
    • default
    • degenerate
    • doo-sabin, doo, sabin, ds
  • -e, --extra-weights <file>

    Overrides default weight of subdivision schemes by reading them from <file>. The precise format of this file depends on the subdivision algorithm that is used.

Pruning

  • --remove-faces <n1>, <n2>, ...

    Removes faces whose number of sides matches one of the numbers in the list. Use commas to separate list values.

  • --remove-vertices <n1>, <n2>, ...

    Removes vertices whose valency matches one of the numbers in the list. Use commas to separate list values.

EXAMPLES

By default, no subdivision is performed. Thus, the following command may be used to convert between obj and ply, for example:

psalm -o output.ply input.obj

Perform three steps of Catmull-Clark subdivision, writing to an output file:

psalm [-a cc] -n 3 -o output.ply input.ply

Ditto, but using Doo-Sabin weights:

psalm [-a cc] -n 3 -w doo-sabin -o output.ply input.ply

Ditto, but using degenerate and B-spline weights, while removing all triangular faces from the result:

psalm [-a cc] -n 3 -w degenerate -b --remove-faces 3 -o output.ply input.ply

Perform three steps of Doo-Sabin subdivision, writing to STDOUT:

psalm -a ds -n 3 -o - input.ply

Ditto, but reading from STDIN:

psalm -a ds -n 3 -o -

Ditto, but using parametrical point creation and handling creases:

psalm -a ds -c -p -n 3 -o - input.ply

Using extra weights:

psalm -a ds -e W_DS_Reif_1.txt -n 3 -o - input.ply

BUGS

  • The type of input and output files cannot be specified separately. This is by design.

  • psalm abuses STDERR for its status reports. Otherwise, STDOUT could not be used for the real output.

AUTHOR

psalm is developed by Bastian Rieck (onfgvna@evrpx.eh; use rot13 to descramble).

FILES

psalm is shipped with several example meshes:

  • W_DS_Reif_[1-5].txt: Extra weights from U. Reif's publication A unified approach to subdivision algorithms near extraordinary vertices
  • Hexahedron.off: A cube in OFF format.
  • Hexahedron.ply: A cube in PLY format. The mesh is used courtesy of John Burkardt.
  • Hole_[3,6].ply: A 3-sided and a 6-sided hole used for testing the limit behaviour of the algorithms.
  • Icosahedron.ply: An icosahedron in PLY format. The mesh is used courtesy of John Burkardt.
  • Icosahedron.obj: The PLY file converted to Wavefront OBJ format by MeshLab.
  • Klein_Bottle.obj: A Klein bottle in Wavefront OBJ format (using quadrangles). The mesh is provided courtesy of Pierre Alliez by the AIM@SHAPE shape repository.
  • Klein_Bottle.ply: A triangulated version of the Klein bottle mesh, created by MeshLab.
  • Surface.obj: A simple regular surface.
  • Tetrahedron.obj: A tetrahedron in OBJ format. The mesh is used courtesy of John Burkardt.

COPYRIGHT AND LICENCE

Copyright 2010, Bastian Rieck. All rights reserved.

Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:

  • Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
  • Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.

THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.